Archive Page 2


Olive Morris in the Black Achievers Wall at the International Slavery Museum, Liverpool

To celebrate International Women’s Month 2011, the International Slavery Museum in Liverpool have selected Olive Morris to take pride of place this year in their Black Achievers Wall, along side Liverpool activist Ebony Gray.

The Black Achievers Wall in the Legacy gallery at the International Slavery Museum is a celebration of Black Achievers past and present. These people represent a real mix of backgrounds, eras and disciplines, from civil rights campaigners and politicians to rock stars and poets. Some are household names like Bob Marley. Others, like rebel slave leader Gaspar Yanga, are virtually unknown to the general public, but all are inspirational.

On March 10 last year, and as part as the Celebrating Women season at the Museum, former ROC member Nadja Middleton made a presentation about Olive Morris and the work of ROC at the unveiling of three new plaques on the Black Achievers Wall. Watch out this space for further news about the dedication of Olive’s image on the Achievers Wall. It is likely there will be a repeat talk by Nadja or some other former member of ROC.


Olive in poster for Goldsmiths’ event

Our good friend Red Chidgey sent us in the post a poster featuring Olive that she found at Goldsmiths, University of London.


Red Pepper – Do you remember Olive Morris?

CHIDGEY, Red (August/September 2010) Do you remember Olive Morris?. London: Red Pepper, no. 173, pp. 34-35.

An article by DIY feminist historian Red Chidgey, on using blogs to reclaim feminist histories, focusing on the Remember Olive Collective.

You can read full article in Red’s blog.


absolute Feminismus

ANKELE, Gudrun (Ed) 2010. absolute Feminismus. Freigburg: Orange Press.

The image of Olive Morris is gracing the cover of a new book published in Germany. The book contains texts, manifestos, poems and songs by women activists from all times, including Simon de Beauvoir, Rosi Braidotti, Guerrilla Girls, Sushila Mesquita, Beatriz Preciado, Joan Riviere and Sojourner Truth.

It can be purchased online but be warned, it is written in German!.


Do you remember Olive Morris? Publication

COLIN, A., FORD, T., LOPEZ DE LA TORRE, A., SPRINGER, K. (eds) 2010. Do you remember Olive Morris?. London: Gasworks and Remembering Olive Collective.

The publication was the final outcome of the Do you remember Olive Morris? project, and was launched on Saturday 23 January 2010 with an event in Gasworks. The texts, articles, essays and inteviews included in this publication are organised in two categories: History and Remembrance/Legacy. The fist part provides a context to Olive Morris’ life and times, her work as an activist and that of her contemporaries. While the contributions largely focus on the British context, some draw parallels with movements and actions that took place in the 1970s in the US. The second part records the work and experiences of the many contributors to Do you remember Olive Morris? The publication also includes a selection of poems celebrating the spirit of Olive Morris and of her times, and is illustrated with historical photographs of the UK Black Panther Movement by Neil Kenlock, and of the many activities that made up the Do you remember Olive Morris? project.

The publication can be purchased at:

Lambeth Archives, Minet Library, 52 Knatchbull Road, London SE5 9QY
Black Cultural Archives, 1 Othello Close, London SE11 4RE

The publication is available on loan from all public libraries in Lambeth and for reference at many other libraries and resource centres including:
Iniva Library – London
Ahmed Iqbal Ullah Race Relations Resource Centre – Manchester
Chelsea College of Art and Design and Camberwell College of Arts Libraries – London
Institute of Race Relations – London
56a Infoshop Social Centre – London

We are hoping to publish the book in the blog as a series of dowloadable PDFs and to make sales available online.


Olive Morris in Austria

A friend of ROC has emailed us a picture of a poster for a feminist poster she came across in Austria! Olive is travelling…


History of Feminism Network – New exhibition Do you remember Olive Morris?

New exhibition Do you remember Olive Morris? Listing
22 November 2009, History of Feminism Network website

Visit post


The Voice – Remembering Olive Morris

Remembering Olive Morris by by Janelle Oswald
11 November 2009, The Voice and The Voice Online

An exhibition honouring this important, but largely forgotten black British activist opens this month. Janelle Oswald looks at the life of a ‘radical sister’.

If you have not shopped in Brixton lately you may be unaware of the new local ‘currency’ circulating in the south London neighbourhood.

Launched as a business initiative to encourage residents to ‘buy local’, the ‘Brixton pound’ notes feature a range of local historical figures. On the one pound note, the young black woman holding a megaphone to her mouth is one of Brixton’s lesser-known community figures, Olive Morris.

Born in Jamaica in 1952, Morris moved with her family to Britain at nine, and went on to become a passionate and committed community organiser and activist.

Read full story


The Morning Star – Olive Morris: Forgotten activist hero

Olive Morris: Forgotten activist hero By Lizzie Cocker
29 October, 2009 — The Morning Star Online
Reproduced in its entirety with permission of the author.

Introducing an inspirational civil rights campaigner whose life and work offer important lessons for the left.

In an age when xenophobia and Islamophobia are being stoked by illegal wars and immigration myths, the need to wrench hidden realities from history in order to see today’s truths has never been more urgent.

And thanks to the Remembering Olive Collective (ROC) founded in 2008, a bit of this history became available to the public last week at the Lambeth Archives in Brixton, south London.

Olive Morris, despite her awe-inspiring short life, remains virtually unknown. And she is one of the greatest unsung heroes I have ever come across.

My encounter with Morris began when a friend switched on my radar for forgotten female protagonists. He mentioned a local project he was doing on four practically unheard-of women activists who left in their wake cultural, social and political improvements which are enjoyed not just in London but in some instances internationally.

Three of these women were black.

With my radar on standby, I stumbled across a website which asked me if I “remember Olive Morris?” above a picture of a young black woman smiling with her shades on behind a megaphone.

No, I thought. I had never heard of Olive Morris.

And as I investigated further it became apparent that my ignorance was widespread.

Morris died aged just 27 in the 1970s. But she had such an unshakeable impact on those who knew her that many of the people with memories, documents, photographs and letters relating to this young woman responded to ROC’s calls to make her story a matter of public record.

As a tireless campaigner for black women, a socialist and an internationalist, Morris dedicated herself to fighting injustice wherever she saw it.

One of the most vivid examples was in 1969 when police arrested a Nigerian diplomat in Brixton as he stepped out of his Mercedes.

The police were so stunned to see a black man with such a flashy car that their reflex was to treat him as a criminal who had stolen it.

Crowds gathered round gaping as the police began to beat him.

A 17-year-old Olive struggled through the spectators and physically tried to stop the attack.

She was flung down and subjected to black police boots kicking her in her breasts. She was stripped naked and told as the blows kept on coming: “This is the right colour for your body.”

One Nigerian student wrote in tribute to her upon her death: “It is reasonable to expect that Olive Morris’s heroism will be immortalised alongside such black luminaries like Marcus Garvey, Malcolm X and many others who were proud to be black.”

But despite this ROC found while putting the jigsaw of her life story together that this woman remained only in the memories of those whose lives had crossed hers.

So vivid were the memories that these pieces of the jigsaw have now found an eternal home in the archives.

As I hungrily sifted through them trying to complete my own puzzle, it was Morris’s typewritten words that climbed out of the papers desperate to deliver the answers for problems we continue to face today.

A graduate in social sciences from Manchester University, Morris wrote numerous essays on Marxism, race and class. As a Brixton Black Panther, part and parcel of her membership was to attend lessons in Leninism and Marxism.

This education and her own activism influenced her relationship with progressive movements and she ultimately became frustrated with the British left, which she described as having “more in common with the ruling class and royalty than with fellow workers.

“Today increasingly the British working class is faced with a choice either to defend the ‘national interest’ or throw their lot in with the oppressed people of the Third World.

“The most immediate way in which this can be done is for them to support the struggle of the Third World people in this country,” she argued.

Morris sympathised with Trinidadian activist Claudia Jones who was poorly treated by the Communist Party, which failed to acknowledge her far-reaching capabilities and consigned her to an administrative role, and Grunwick striker Jayaben Desai who was virtually abandoned by trade unions.

She became disillusioned by institutions for the working class, which instinctively she would have had the most natural allegiance with.

“We have used the great British tradition of trade unionism to try and further our cause for equality and justice, but on countless occasions we have found that the movement does one thing for white workers and another for black workers,” said Morris.

“White workers have time and time again refused to give our unions recognition, they have crossed our picket lines for racist reasons, they have organised against our organisation in the trade unions.

“Take for instance STC (Standard Telephones and Cables Ltd) where white trade unionists and union officials – with exception of a few – put skin colour before the overall interest of the proletariat and often resorted to physical violence against their black fellow workers.”

Morris was exasperated by what she saw as an inherent self-interest that blocked mainly white apparently progressive groups from seeing where the real battles needed to be fought. She lambasted the Anti Nazi League “trendies” for busying themselves with “shouting their empty phrase of ‘black and white unite and fight’.”

Empty, she said, “because there was no sound basis on which such unity could be built.”

The ANL, she continued, has “become one big carnival jamboree of political confusion for the middle class.

“It doesn’t raise the political questions. It buries them in the name of ‘broadness’.”

Morris highlighted that the National Front, which the ANL directed all its enthusiasm into fighting, was merely a symptom and not a cause of the racist ideologies and practices which prevailed in every sector of society.

As the black groups Morris worked with organised to fight oppression on all levels – running supplementary schools, clubs and recreational facilities, clubbing together to buy houses, striking, organising pickets and circulating petitions – she urged people truly dedicated to fighting racism to confront the issues which affect black people’s lives on a daily basis in schools, the police, local government and even trade unions.

“Not a single problem associated with racialism, unemployment, police violence and homelessness can be settled by ‘rocking’ against the fascists, the police or the army,” she said.

“The fight against racism and fascism is completely bound up with the fight to overthrow capitalism, the system that breeds both.”

The symptomatic BNP and other far-right organisations are rearing their ugly heads above the fertile ground laid by a political framework which has perpetuated the criminalisation, social immobility and isolation of black and ethnic minorities.

But black history has a lesson for the left.

As long as support is only forthcoming when racism is so visible that it can no longer be ignored rather than being part of the daily battles against all discrimination that permeates society, the struggle to create equal conditions for everyone will keep taking one step forward and 10 steps back.

To get a glimpse into the rest of Olive’s life visit or visit the collection at the Lambeth Archives in the Minet Library, 52 Knatchbull Road, London SE5 9QY.

Olive Elaine Morris
Born in 1952 in Jamaica and moved with her family to Britain aged nine
Died of cancer in 1979
Travelled to China, north Africa, Ireland and Spain
A council building in Lambeth bears her name
Groups she cofounded or worked with:
The Black Panther Movement (later the Black Workers Group),
Brixton Black Women’s Group
The Organisation of Women of Asian and African Descent
Manchester Black Womens Co-operative
National Co-ordinating Committee of Overseas Students
Black Womens Mutual Aid Group
Brixton Law Centre
The squatter movement


BBC London – Olive Morris Collection Launch

An article by Sheila Ruiz (ROC member) about the launch of the Olive Morris Collection appeared on BBC London website on Friday 16 October 2009. Click here to read the whole article.

If you are not a Lambeth resident and you were born after the 1970s, you will probably not have come across the name of Olive Morris before.

If, on the other hand, you are an adult living in Brixton, you will most likely remember – or will have heard of – this important, local historical figure.

Now, everyone will have the opportunity to find out much more.

Olive Morris’ story will soon be made publicly available through the Olive Morris Collection at Lambeth Archives.

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